Women's life on the emigrant trail required many skills and strengths characteristic of women of that time; whether they were "in the States" or on the emigrant roads. This article details, via quotes from diaries, many of those areas that required a woman's frontier spirit. Among the areas are: 1) sickness and health; 2) work, such as cooking, getting wood, and getting water; 3) accidents; 4) lost children and women; 5) storms; 6) Indians, and 7) death. There was "optimism and toughness. that characterized these 'First Ladies of the West.'" ALTERNATE SUBJECTS: Accidents; Storms; Death; Native Americans; Lost Children; Lost Women; Sickness; Health; Food; Cooking; Chores; Eells, Myra; Munger, Asahel; Bermingham, Twiss; Walker, Mary Richardson; Parrish, Edward Evans, Reverend; Madley, Mrs. E.A.; Long, Mary Jane; Carpenter, Helen; Bryant, Edwin; Henderson, Lucy Ann; Geer, Elizabeth Dixon Smith; Adams, Ceclia Emily McMillan; Conyers, E.W.; Williams, Velina; Knight, Amelia Stewart; Sutton, Sarah; Judson, Phoebe G.; Boardman, John; Himes, Celinda; Battey, Marion W.; Water, Lydia Milner; Fox, George W.; Belshaw, Maria A. (Parsons); Gaylord, Orange; Gaylord, Lenora; Pringle, Virgil K.; Newby, William Thompson; Myer, Mathaniee; Lyman, Vincent Page; Chambers, Mary Jane; Chambers, Andrew; Reading, Pierson Barton; Farley, Alan W. ; Zeiber, John S.; Parker, Inez Eugenia Adams; Ivins, Virginia; Keyes, Sarah; Thorton, J. Quinn; Hickman, Richard Owen; Williams, John; Photo: Crossing the barriers [Wyoming State Archives and Historical Department]. Photo: Sketch of Fort Fetterman from the Southeast, around 1880 [Wyoming State Archives and Historical Department]. Photo: Double officer's quarters, Fort Fetterman [Wyoming State Archives and Historical Department]. It also contains the second segment of the Oregon Trail.