Annual Research Plan - April 1, 1983 - March 31, 1984

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245 10|aAnnual Research Plan - April 1, 1983 - March 31, 1984
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110 2 |aUniversity of Wyoming Research Corporation|ecreator
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260 |aLaramie, Wyoming|bUniversity of Wyoming|c|g2014-01-24
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520 |aOn March 19, 1983 the U.S. Department of nergy (DOE) and the University of Wyoming entered into a Cooperati ve Agreement, effective April 1, 1983, whereby the University of Wyoming, through the formation of a nonprofit corporation known as the University of Wyoming Research Corporation {UWYRC), took responsibility for operation of what was previously the federally owned and operated Laramie Energy Technology Center (LETC). It is envisioned that this action will lead to a greater role for the facil Hy i il research and development on fossil fuel because of the potential willingness of the private sector and other government entities to work more closely vlith a non-federal entity. Since its inception in 1923, research efforts at what later became LETC were always directed to specific fossil energy topics. From initial work on heavy petroleum products of the Rocky Mountain region, the focus of the efforts at the Center has changed over the ears with national priorities to its involvement in Oil Shale, Underground Coal Gasification and Tar Sand. Following passage of the Synthetic Liquid Fuels Act in 1944, oil shale research activities began at the Center with laboratory and bench-scale experiments. This early work consisted mainly of the evaluation of surface retorting concepts, the development of measurement and analytical methods, the evaluation of shale oil upgrading and refining methods, and the characterization of shale oil and its products. During the 1960's and 1970's, research efforts at the Center were redirected to in situ methods because it was beiieved that surface retorting technology was ready for scale-up to commercial size. Initial investigations of resource recovery by true in situ methods were begun in 1958. Pilot scale experiments were initiated in 1965 to verify the feasibility of modified (increased void volume) in situ concepts. In 1967, environmental stUdies on oil shale were initiated and the first two true in situ field experiments were begun at the Rock Springs, Wyoming site. Continuing through the 1970'5, several concepts for true insitu retorting were tested at the Rock Springs He. The chemistry and physics of modified in situ concepts have been investigated in laboratory and experiments at the Center. Until the mid-1970's the U.S. tar sand resource was the object of only very sma n scale producti on efforts; primad ly for use as pavi ng material. The federal government, through the Center, began significant research on tar sand in 1970. Since then, interest by industry in the U.S. tar sand resource, partly due to findings from the Center's research, has become quite intense. Interests in the potential for in situ gasification of coal led to the development of the DOE Underground Coal Gasification program in 1972. the Center was charged with the 1 ead res pons i bil Hy for imp 1 ementat ion of this program. From the early successes of field experiments conducted by the Center personnel near Hanna, Wyoming, the program was expanded to include research and development studies at national laboratories, another Energy Technology Center, and by cooperative agreements with industry. These studies, which examined alternative process concepts applied to coal resources with different geophysical and chemical characteristics, were integrated into the program through implementation management at the Center.
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650 1 |aWestern Research Institute
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